& LOCAL GOVERNMENT
government consists of the parliament of
determination of the territorial limits was made bij the temporary
physical equilibrium is situated at Terra Nullius, between the
western African desert and the Atlantic ocean and is being
as a freetown by a local government.
iquilibrium of the universal spiritual patrimony:
freely dispose of a virgin geographic situation in order to develop its
economic, spiritual and social ownness abd thus fulfill its
the beginning it only will need a few hectacres,en the
will never pass 100 kilometer coast line and 80 kilometre
The part distined to the habitat will never be bigger than 12
land inwards and 20 kilometre coast line. The
will never go over 10.000 people,.
ACT OF PRESENCE
official, physical presence of the equilibrium on January
1995 stands for the reunion and legalisation of the equilibrium.
the same day the State of Morocco was notified by means of the verbal
of our official representative to the military
stations at the frontiers of Graciosa.
the State of Morocco was notified about the well determined urbanistic
implantation of Graciosa.
relations have been established with the authorities of the People of
announcement of the local government od lasoberana
4,1997 to the nations of the
the chief of the of the ministery of foereign affairs
15,1997 to the united nations,to the secretary
21.1997 to all the nations without any
whom it may concern
official press communioue
the European invasion in the 19th century, it was out of the question
the Berber tribes, which were wandering about in the West would form a
nation or a state.
area did never belong to any other tribes or powers. It was TERRA
and the existence of spheres of influence
this area was completely non-existent. Nor did Morocco or any other
country or people have rights on this territory.
frontiers were drawn much later by the Europeans, who wanted to trace
sphere of influence in Africa this way.
following questions of the decolonisation commission, by which the
Court of Justice in Den Hague was
to give its advice, were wrong, tendentious and misleading:
Was the Rio de Oro, at the moment of the colonisation by Spain TERRA
If the answer to this (tendentious)
was negative, what was the legal relationship between this territory
the Kingdom of Morocco?
16.12.74 the Court announced that they decided with 13 votes against 3
to express a judgement concerning the first
The court announced unanimously that the Rio de Oro at the moment of
colonisation by Spain was not
Nullius. As to the second part of the question, with 14 votes
2 the court decided to pronounce a judgement
well. The court decided that between Rio de Oro and The Kingdom of
there existed legal relations according
the description in the last paragraph but one of the judgement.
15 votes against 1 the court decided that between this territory and
there existed legal relations as
in the last paragraph but one of the judgement.
court decided that on the basis of the presented material it was out of
the question that there had been territorial
According to the court there were no juridical objections against the
of the execution of resolution
(XV) of the general meeting of the United Nations as to the
of the Spanish Rio de Oro and especially
the principle of self-determination by means of the free and true
of the will of the 'Saharaouis'. "
were not there before the colonisation of the European power.
answers are completely wrong, tendentious and misleading, as will show
this short reminder of history:
The West Sahara is an empty land since 12.000 b.C., only crossed by
caravans and never claimed by anybody.
In the XIV century, Spain crosses over from the Canaries and occupies the coast area (its part of the great "colonial cake"
was being distributed by Europe).
When the phosphates are found, a consortium is founded between Spain,
In 1975 in Madrid the tripartite agreement is signed between Spain,
and Mauritania by which Morocco and
are asked to take temporarily the administrative tutorship of the area
of the west Sahara, with a clause
the exploitation of the phosphate mines, other gain-bringing minerals
fishery agreements, between France,
of these countries ever possessed any legal rights on the territory of
the west Sahara.
John Gunther, an Africa traveller, write a few years ago:
these regions in the inner land there are shabby setttlements and
in the backward, neglected
a few poor little coast towns, and all the rest is a raw
people have the legitimate right to decide about their future according
to resolution 1514
of the General Meeting of the United Nations.
future gives us the right to our Motherland, to the Old City, to
state is capable of self government in justice, which embodies
ideal of sovereignty.
who want to enslave us, the dispersed people, this spiritual nation,
a violation of the fundamental Human
They are in contradiction with the United Nation Charter and a threat
Peace and co-operation in the world.
people have the right of self determination, the right to
determine their economic, social and cultural development.
temporary lack of political, economical, social and educative
can never be used as a pretext to attack the right
the catastrophe and loss of the old motherland and the dispersion of
ancestors, this territory has been TERRA
aso during and after the colonisation of the European and
Arabian States. Any oppressing measure and
activity, whatever be their nature, against these people who belong tothis
equilibrium of consioucness, must
order to enable them to exercise their right to belong to this
thus forming a social equilibrium in freedom and
and by doing so, give the Sovereigns the right to independence,
the immunity of their nationality and
territory will be respected.
this territory, which always has been Terra Nullius, and which is now
illegal guardianship, the legal competence
be transferred immediately to this people, without condition or
according to their will and freely expressed
irrespective of race or skin colour, in order to entitle them to be
free and independent.
attempt to deny partly or completely their nationality or to destroy
national unity or their territorial immunity is a
of the United Nations Charter' s aims and principles.
nations must respect faithfully and strictly the disposals of the
Nation Charter, of the Universal Declaration of
Rights and of the present declaration, on the basis of non-interference
in the internal matters of states, out of r
for the sovereign rights and territorial immunity of all people.
individual, wherever in the world, has the right to belong to the
of the Sovereigns and to be part of them:
United States, as the first ones in modern history to gain independance
for itself, instinctly
the longing for freedom. We want to contribute to the expansion of
and not impede
(from the speech of minister of foreign affairs Dulles on May 7, 1954)