the parliament
justice
inhabitants
sovereignity
the emblem
foreign relations
riders-horsemem 
museum
defense
 

 

TERRITORIAL  &  LOCAL GOVERNMENT

Local  government consists of the  parliament of Graciosa.
The determination of the territorial limits was made bij the temporary parliament on 22-08.1996
The physical  equilibrium is situated at Terra Nullius, between the empty western African desert and the Atlantic ocean and is being
governed as a freetown by a local government.

The  iquilibrium  of the  universal spiritual patrimony:  must freely dispose of a virgin geographic situation in order to develop its
cultural, economic, spiritual and social   ownness abd thus fulfill its mission.
In the beginning it only will need a few  hectacres,en the terrotory  will never pass  100 kilometer coast line and  80 kilometre land
inwards, The part distined to  the habitat will never be bigger than 12 kilometer land inwards and 20 kilometre coast line. The
population will never go over 10.000 people,.

ACT OF PRESENCE
The official,  physical presence of  the equilibrium on January 27, 1995 stands for the reunion and legalisation of  the equilibrium.
On the same day the State of Morocco was notified by means of the verbal notification of our official representative to the military
Moroccan stations at the frontiers of Graciosa.
Also the State of Morocco was notified about the well determined urbanistic implantation of Graciosa.
Diplomatic relations have been established with the authorities of the People of Smara.

 
 

COMMUNIOUES - PRESS
official announcement of the local government od lasoberana

September 4,1997       to the nations of the world,to the chief of the of the ministery of foereign affairs
September 15,1997     to the united nations,to the secretary general
December 21.1997      to all the nations without any restritum,to whom it may concern
February 1998              official press communioue 

 



TERRA NULIUS
Until the European invasion in the 19th century, it was out of the question that the Berber tribes, which were wandering about in the West would form a nation or a state.
The area did never belong to any other tribes or powers. It was TERRA NULLIUS, and the existence of spheres of influence
in this area was completely non-existent. Nor did Morocco or any other present country or people have rights on this territory.
The frontiers were drawn much later by the Europeans, who wanted to trace their sphere of influence in Africa this way.
 

The following questions of the decolonisation commission, by which the international Court of Justice in Den Hague was
asked to give its advice, were wrong, tendentious and misleading:
"1. Was the Rio de Oro, at the moment of the colonisation by Spain TERRA NULLIUS? If the answer to this (tendentious)
question was negative, what was the legal relationship between this territory and the Kingdom of Morocco?
On 16.12.74 the Court announced that they decided with 13 votes against 3 to express a judgement concerning the first
question. The court announced unanimously that the Rio de Oro at the moment of the colonisation by Spain was not
Terra Nullius. As to the second part of the question,  with 14 votes against 2 the court decided to pronounce a judgement
as well. The court decided that between Rio de Oro and The Kingdom of Morocco there existed legal relations according
to the description in the last paragraph but one of the judgement.
With 15 votes against 1 the court decided that between this territory and Mauritania there existed legal relations as
described in the last paragraph but one of the judgement.
The court decided that on the basis of the presented material it was out of the question that there had been territorial
sovereignty. According to the court there were no juridical objections against the application of the execution of resolution
1514 (XV) of the general meeting of the United Nations as to the decolonization of the Spanish Rio de Oro and especially
of the principle of self-determination by means of the free and true expression of the will of the 'Saharaouis'. "
Who were not there before the colonisation of the European power.

These answers are completely wrong, tendentious and misleading, as will show this short reminder of history:
- The West Sahara is an empty land since 12.000 b.C., only crossed by nomad caravans and never claimed by anybody.
- In the XIV century, Spain crosses over from the Canaries and occupies the coast area (its part of the great "colonial cake"
that was being distributed by Europe).
- When the phosphates are found, a consortium is founded between Spain, West-Germany and France.
- In 1975 in Madrid the tripartite agreement is signed between Spain, Morocco and Mauritania by which Morocco and
Mauritania are asked to take temporarily the administrative tutorship of the area of the west Sahara, with a clause
concerning the exploitation of the phosphate mines, other gain-bringing minerals and fishery agreements, between France,
West-Germany and Spain.
None of these countries ever possessed any legal rights on the territory of the west Sahara.

Didn´t John Gunther, an Africa traveller, write a few years ago:
"In these regions in the inner land there are  shabby setttlements and in the backward, neglected
areas a few  poor little coast towns, and all the rest is a raw emptiness."

All people have the legitimate right to decide about their future according to resolution 1514
(XV) of the General Meeting of the United Nations.
This future gives us  the right to our Motherland, to the Old City, to sovereignty.
Our state  is capable of self government in justice, which embodies its ideal of sovereignty.
Those who want to enslave us, the dispersed people, this spiritual nation, form a violation of the fundamental Human
Rights. They are in contradiction with the United Nation Charter and a threat to Peace and co-operation in the world.
All people have the right of  self determination, the right  to freely determine  their economic, social and cultural development.
The temporary lack of political, economical, social and educative structures, can never be used as a pretext to attack the right
to independence.

Atlii:
After the catastrophe and loss of the old motherland and the dispersion of our ancestors, this territory has been TERRA
NULLIUS, aso during and after   the colonisation of the European and the Arabian States. Any oppressing measure and
any activity, whatever be their nature, against these people who belong tothis equilibrium  of consioucness, must be stopped
in order to enable them to exercise their right to belong to this  people, thus forming a social equilibrium in freedom and
peace and  by doing so, give the Sovereigns the right to independence, while the immunity of their nationality and
their territory will be respected.
In this territory, which always has been Terra Nullius, and which is now under illegal guardianship, the legal competence
will be transferred immediately to this people, without condition or limitations, according to their will and freely expressed
wishes, irrespective of race or skin colour, in order to entitle them to be completely free and independent.
Any attempt to deny partly or completely their nationality or to destroy their national unity or their territorial immunity is a
violation of the United Nations Charter' s aims and principles.
All nations must respect faithfully and strictly the disposals of the United Nation Charter, of the Universal Declaration of
Human Rights and of the present declaration, on the basis of non-interference in the internal matters of states, out of r
espect for the sovereign rights and territorial immunity of all people.
Any individual, wherever in the world, has the right to belong to the people of the Sovereigns and to be part of them:

The United States, as the first ones in modern history to gain independance for itself, instinctly
share  the longing for freedom. We want to contribute to the expansion of freedom, and not impede
it (from the speech of minister of foreign affairs Dulles on May 7, 1954)